Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a progressive eye disease that affects individuals with diabetes. It occurs due to damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. Prolonged exposure to high blood sugar levels can cause the blood vessels to weaken, leak, or become blocked, leading to various stages of diabetic retinopathy.


If you have Diabetic Retinopathy, you may observe




Impaired Color Vision


Dark or Empty Areas in Vision


Vision Loss or Straight Lines may be seen as curved or bent


Regular eye checkups, healthy blood sugar and blood pressure management, and early vision problem resolution, however, can help prevent serious vision loss.

  • track the level of your blood sugar If you're sick or under stress, you might need to check and record your blood sugar level more frequently than once a day. How frequently should you have blood tests? Ask your physician.
  • Inquire with your doctor about a test for glycosylated haemoglobin The haemoglobin A1C test, also known as the glycosylated haemoglobin test, measures your average blood sugar level throughout the two to three months prior to the test. The A1C target for the majority of diabetes sufferers is 7% or less.
  • Keep your cholesterol and blood pressure under control. Losing excess weight, maintaining a balanced diet, and exercising frequently can assist. Occasionally, medication is also required.
  • Ask your doctor for assistance in quitting if you smoke or use other tobacco products. Smoking raises your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy and other problems.
  • Watch for alterations in your vision. In the event that your vision suddenly changes or becomes cloudy, splotchy, or blurry, call your eye doctor right away.

Vision screenings use inadequate testing equipment.

Symptoms may include blurred vision, floaters, fluctuating vision, or even sudden vision loss in advanced cases. Regular eye exams are crucial for detecting and monitoring diabetic retinopathy. Treatment options include managing diabetes through proper blood sugar control, laser treatment to seal leaking blood vessels, medication injections to inhibit abnormal vessel growth, and, in severe cases, surgery.

Prevention and early detection are key in managing diabetic retinopathy. Maintaining good blood sugar control, managing blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and scheduling regular comprehensive eye exams are essential for individuals with diabetes to minimize the risk of vision loss associated with this condition.

Treatments for advanced Diabetic Retinopathy

laser treatment to treat the growth of new blood vessels at the back of the eye (retina) in cases of proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and to stabilise some cases of maculopathy

eye injections to treat severe maculopathy that's threatening your sight

steroid eye implants to treat severe maculopathy if eye injections are not suitable or have not worked for you

eye surgery to remove blood or scar tissue from the eye if laser treatment is not possible because retinopathy is too advanced

FAQ-Diabetic Retinopathy Surgery at Sarvdrishti Hospital

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels in the retina, leading to vision impairment or even blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy is caused by damage to the small blood vessels in the retina due to high blood sugar levels and other factors associated with diabetes.

Symptoms may include blurred or fluctuating vision, dark or empty spots in the visual field, impaired color vision, and vision loss in advanced stages.

Diabetic retinopathy is diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination, which may include visual acuity tests, dilated eye exams, and retinal imaging.

Treatment options for diabetic retinopathy depend on the severity of the condition and can include lifestyle changes, blood sugar control, medications, laser therapy, and in some cases, surgery.